HUBER Solutions for the Textile and Leather Industry
Wastewater from the textile and leather industry contains many 2000 solids, particularly fibres or hair. Substantial amounts of sand and other mineral particles stem from raw material washing. The wastewater also contains colours and dyes and high BOD and COD freights. Heavy pollution surcharges must be paid for these freights. It is economical to reduce these freights on site, so that the pre-treated wastewater can be discharged into municipal sewers with no or minimal surcharges. In many cases it is cost-effective to treat the wastewater further, so that the effluent can be directly discharged into receiving waters.
Requirements depend on type and size of the business, wastewater flow and freight. While small businesses must only remove solids, larger operations are usually required to reduce colour and COD & BOD freights as well.
Of course, discharge standards must be met; but in many cases it is cost-effective to do more and minimize water, wastewater and waste costs. Due to high water consumption, it is often economical to treat the wastewater such, that it can be recycled as process water.
Precondition for any customized solution is thorough investigation of the specific conditions.
Wastewater from the textile and leather industry contains solids, sand, fibres, colour, fat and high BOD & COD freights. The wastewater is mechanically pre-treated in a HUBER ROTAMAT® Complete Plant with integrated fine screen and grit chamber. The screenings are washed and compacted, the grit is classified. In order to remove hair and fibres, we further provide our Micro-Screen (ROTAMAT® Membrane Screen RoMem) with a mesh size between 0.5 and 1 mm.
After intermediate storage for flow and freight equalization, the wastewater is chemically conditioned. Type and dosage of the chemicals depend on the wastewater's composition and the requirements; we usually perform pilot tests. In any case we add polymers for flocculation. The chemically conditioned wastewater is treated in a HUBER Dissolved Air Flotation Plant (DAF). Fats and solids are almost completely removed as flotate sludge. The BOD and COD freight is strongly reduced. The DAF effluent can be discharged into municipal sewers.
Where the wastewater is to be directly discharged into receiving waters, or where it is recycled as process water, we treat the wastewater further. One option is a HUBER VRM® Membrane Bio-Reactor for full-biological treatment. The membranes retain all solids and bacteria. Alternatively, where the requirements are less stringent, we add flocculants and provide our CONTIFLOW® Sandfilters for chemo-physical treatment and polishing.
We reduce the amount of waste activated sludge from biological treatment and of flotate sludge with HUBER machines for Sludge Thickening and Sludge Dewatering. We can achieve further reduction with a HUBER Sludge Dryer. Dried sludge can be used as fuel.